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Teaching The Bible #1

Teaching The Bible To Others #1

Jesus Teaching


By James L. Thornton

 Learning to Teach the Bible to Others by Learning how to Lecture on the First Five Books of the Bible, the Book of Job.


1. Introduction 

2. Instructions 

3. Genesis

4. Exodus

5. Leviticus

6. Numbers

7. Deuteronomy 

4. Job



 The purpose of this course is to equip the advanced student of the Bible to teach the Scripture to others. The method for doing this is to familiarize the student with the most dominate issues related to a particular Biblical event, topic, or person.

 In this course we will deal with the historicity of the first five books of the Bible, the Book of Job and the history of the exile, captivity, and return of Israel to the Land of Promise.


 (1.) Complete a brief overview of the following Books of the Bible (presuming you have read them in the past) in the following order:

Genesis, Exodus, Numbers, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, Job, 1st. & 2nd. Kings, 1st & 2nd  Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.

Such a review may be completed by reading the chapter headings and subchapter titles of these books in a good study Bible such as a Thompson Chain Reference or the Hebrew Greek Key Study Bible. There are several good study Bibles available from Thomas Nelson.

NOTE: If, after your review, you sense that you are too unfamiliar with these Books, then a re-reading before going on to step 2 is required.

(2.) After completing the overviews (or re-reading), begin reading the course below with your study Bible opened to the sections as they are detailed. At any point where the course material does not provide sufficient insight, take the time to read the Scripture selections referenced, or refresh your knowledge of the subject by using an outside resource such as a trusted Bible Commentary (e.g. Adam Clarke, Matthew Henry, etc.).

(3.) When you have completed the entire course, go back to the beginning, and read the entire course aloud as if you were teaching it to a class. Make notes as you go, inserting your own insights and thoughts which enhance the lecture. Keep these notes for future use.

 (4.) Using the course Lecture Notes and your own notes, teach at least one portion of this course to a group of students (perhaps a Sunday School class, evening Bible class, or some special Bible study event).

Before you actually teach, spend as much time in prayer as is necessary to sense the blessing of the Lord on your efforts. This is critical, since without the blessing of God, your teaching, no matter how learned, will be merely an academic performance.



Notes for Lecture on Genesis - Deuteronomy


Genesis tells us the beginning of everything but God. Seed plot of the Bible. Almost every subject of major importance has roots in Genesis.

Can be summed up in eight words:









Can be divided into two great parts:

(A.) The Beginning of the Human Race (Primeval History Genesis 1:1-11:9)





(B.) The Beginning of the Hebrew Race (Patriarchal History Genesis 11:10-50:26)





Quickest way to destroy any building is to attack the foundation. This is why some of the heaviest attacks against the Bible have been against the first eleven chapters (creation to Babel).


32 times in 31 verses in Genesis 1 God is mentioned by name and a further 11 times by personal pronoun. The expression "God said," occurs 10 times. Genesis 1 is the most God centered chapter in the Bible.


Involved in the fall of man was the entire creation. Is it historically accurate? Jesus believed so (Matthew 19:4), and (Romans 5:12-21) (justification) is build on the belief that Genesis 3 is historically accurate.

Sin first separated man from God. In Genesis 4 sin separated man from man. Christ came to restore both of these lost relationships! (Romans 5:15)


Jesus believed in a literal Noah, ark, and flood. To question this, is to question the deity of Christ. The flood was God’s answer to man’s wickedness.


The beginning of diverse language groups. Here we have the first attempt by man to build a one-world empire united against God. Interesting that this is what will happen during the Tribulation period.


By the time of Abram, Ur of the Chaldees was the center of moon worship. Out of this environment, God began the process of raising up a holy nation.


The covenant promises were confirmed to Isaac and later to Jacob. In his unusual birth, and obedience unto death, Isaac is an Old Testament type of Christ.


Jacob’s history can be summarized in three words: supplanter, servant, saint. His sons became known as the "children of Israel" and were the founders of the 12 tribes. All the rest of the book is based on his family.


About 1/4 of Genesis is devoted to the history of Joseph. Like his grandfather Isaac, he too, in his incredible display of faithfulness, purity, and spirit of forgiveness, becomes an Old Testament type of Christ. Before his death, Jacob adopted the two sons of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh, bringing them into the patriarchal line.

Thus, at the close of the book of Genesis, the history of man has moved from Eden to Egypt.



Exodus is the Book of Redemption. The word come from Greek and means "the way out." It begins with the word "Now," linking it onto Genesis. Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy all begin with conjunctions as well; making the first five Books of the Bible a single book we call the Pentateuch.

Between Genesis and Exodus the patriarchal family became a nation of between two and three million. The Book is a fulfillment of prophecy, since in Genesis 15:13-16 God told Abraham that at least 400 years would elapse between the promise of Canaan as an inheritance, and the possession of Canaan as an inheritance.

Outline of Exodus:

There are three distinct movements in the drama of redemption in Exodus: Saved, Separated, Sanctified:

I. An Enslaved People are Saved (Exodus 1-12)

1. God Develops His Man (Moses) (Exodus 1-4)

2. God Displays His Might (Exodus 5-11)

3. God Declares His Mind (Exodus 12)

II. A Saved People are Separated (Exodus 13-18)

1. Complete Separation (Exodus 13-14)

2. Conscious Separation (Exodus 15)

3. Contented Separation (Exodus 16-17:7)

4. Continual Separation (Exodus 17:8-16)

5. Convicting Separation (Exodus 18)

III. A Separated People are Sanctified (Exodus 19-40)

1. The Fountain of Sanctification (Exodus 19-24)

2. The Focus of Sanctification (Exodus 25-27; 30-31)

3. The Function of Sanctification (Exodus 28-29)

4. The Failure of Sanctification (Exodus 32)

5. The Fulfillment of Sanctification (Exodus 33-40)

(A.) The Lamb:

Exodus makes clear that redemption rests on the shedding of the blood of the Paschal lamb. Each person must be individually sheltered behind the blood. The lamb must be without spot or blemish. The death of the lamb was set by divine decree.

Centuries later, John the Baptist would see Jesus and declare: "Behold the Lamb that taketh away the sin of the world" (John 1:29). God’s terms of redemption are the same today as in the days of Moses. By faith Israel looked forward to Christ as the Lamb, while we by faith look back.

(B.) The Law:

At Sinai the Law was given. Its chief purpose was to expose sin and paint in most vivid colors the fearful, blazing holiness of God. It fell into two divisions: moral and ceremonial.

The moral law revealed why holiness is so important.

The ceremonial law revealed how holiness was to be imparted.

The moral law reveals to saint and sinner alike that the human heart cannot produce holiness of itself.

The ceremonial law points to Christ, Who alone kept the moral law, and Whose blood alone can cleanse from sin.

Exodus can be summarized in three words: Life, Law, Love...but the greatest of theses is love!



 In Exodus we see how God gets His people out of Egypt.                      

In Leviticus we see how God gets Egypt out of His people.

Exodus begins with sinners.

Leviticus begins with saints.

Exodus shows the way out of bondage.

Leviticus shows the way into the sanctuary of God.


Exodus is a book of deliverance.

Leviticus is a book of dedication.


Exodus makes the fact of sacrifice clear.

Leviticus makes the doctrine of sacrifice clear.

The whole of Leviticus and the first ten chapters of Numbers come between the first day of the first month and the twentieth day of the second month in the year following that of the exodus. (50 days)

Outline of Leviticus:

I. The Way to God (Leviticus 1-10)

II. The Walk with God (Leviticus 11-20)

III. The Worship of God (Leviticus 21-24:9)

IV. The Witness to God (Leviticus 24:10-27:34)

The Offerings:

There were five major offerings required under the Law, the others being complementary to the these. All set forth aspects of the sacrifice of Christ on Calvary.

(1.) The Burnt Offering was used in worship in recognition that all was for God. Sets forth the fullness of Christ’s devotion.

(2.) The Sin Offering covered sins of error, weakness, and ignorance, but not deliberate sin, thereby recognizing that sin comes from within.     Sets forth Christ’s covering of the principle of sin.

(3.) The Trespass Offering was always accompanied by a recompense paid both to God and the one offended. Sets forth Christ’s sacrifice paying the penalty for covering the practice of sin.

(4.) The Peace Offering: was designed to establish in the mind of the worshiper communion with God. In this it is a kind of "Lord’s Supper" of the Old Testament. Sets forth the fruitfulness of Christ’s devotion.

(5.) The Meal Offering was a simple gift to God, and not a means of atonement. Sets forth the flawlessness of Christ’s devotion.

The Priesthood

The function of the priesthood was to represent the people of God. The tribe of Levi was to be set apart to minister to God in connection with the more secular aspects of the tabernacle service, but only Aaron, his sons, and decedents could properly be priests. The priesthood connected with Aaron was a provisional measure to be abolished in due time by the better priesthood of Christ, as made clear in the Book of Hebrews.

The Feasts of the Lord:

The annual feasts and fasts were seven in number. Four were celebrated in rapid succession at the beginning of the year; the other three took place in succession in the seventh month.

(1.) Passover commemorated deliverance from Egypt. It speaks of redemption, and stands for Christ as our Passover sacrificed for us (I Corinthians 5:7)

(2.) Unleavened Bread so closely associated with the Passover and the making of “quick bread” just prior to the Exodus. Leaven is a symbol of evil and evil doctrine, and represents the separated life of holiness to which the children of God are called. Christ became the power by which sin is removed from the heart, and by which the people of God may live a holy life.

(3.) First Fruits was a consecration of the harvest. A sheaf of barley was waved before the Lord. The feast took place on the first day of the week and is a type of the resurrection of Christ. (1 Corinthians 15:13)

(4.) Pentecost celebrated 50 days following First Fruits involved two loaves being baked and waved before the Lord marking the completion of the grain harvest. It is a type of the full coming of the Holy Spirit as He did in Acts 2.

(5.) Trumpets represented God’s call to Israel to re-gather in preparation for the feasts of Atonement and Tabernacles. In that it may be seen as a type of harbinger for the coming of Christ at the incarnation and His eventual eternal reign.

(6.) Atonement marked the most solemn occasion in Israel’s calendar. It was a time for remembering the sins of the nation. Only on this day was the high priest allowed to enter the Holy of Holies. Represented Christ’s death at Calvary.

(7.) Tabernacles connected Israel’s history with periods of joy. The people gathered for eight days dwelling in booths and rejoicing in the goodness of God, and the giving of a final thanks for the year’s crop. It looks forward to the time when Christ will reign in peace and prosperity.

The Book closes with the laws governing vows made to God. Throughout the Book is the admonition that God’s people are to be a holy people.



The events of this Book cover a period of about 38 years. The name comes from the two numberings (census) recorded. The generation numbered at the beginning of the Book is not the same numbered at the end.

While Leviticus deals with the believer’s worship, Numbers deals with the believer’s walk. Leviticus is a book of purity. Numbers is a book of pilgrimage.

Outline of the Book:

Israel in the Wilderness--The Old Generation (Numbers 1-19) covers a period of 38 years.

I. Discipline in the Wilderness (Numbers 1-9:14)

II. Direction in the Wilderness (Numbers 9:15-10:36)

III. Discontent in the Wilderness (Numbers 11-13)

IV. Death in the Wilderness (Numbers 14-16)

V. Despair in the wilderness (Numbers 17-19)

Israel on the Way--The New Generation (Numbers 20-36)

I. Recalling the Past (Numbers 20)

II. Redeeming the Past (Numbers 21-27:11)

III. Reviewing the Future (Numbers 27:12-36:13)

The three great movements of Leviticus are:

(1.) From Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (Numbers 1-12)

(2.) From Kadesh-barnea through the wilderness and back to Kadesh-barnea (Numbers 13-19)

(3.) From Kadesh-barnea to Jordan (Numbers 20-36)



The Book consists of a series of addresses by Moses warning Israel of the dangers of forgetting the past. The twin warnings "Beware lest ye forget" and Thou shalt remember" run like a refrain from page to page in Deuteronomy.

In this Book, the generation which experienced redemption from Egypt was dead except for Moses, Joshua and Caleb, and Moses was about to die. A new generation stood on the on the frontier of the Promised Land. In a series of ten sermons, Moses sought to prepare the people for the future by reminding them of the past.

Outline of Deuteronomy:

The Book can be divided into four main "looks."

(I.) The History of Israel--Backward Look (1-3)

(II.) The Holiness of Israel--Inward Look (4-11)

(III.) The heritage of Israel---Forward Look (12-30)

(IV.) The Hero of Israel--The Upward Look (31-34)

W. Graham Scroggie noted: Genesis to Numbers gives us the facts of Israel’s history, and Deuteronomy give us the philosophy of it.

The Book ends in chapter 34 ends with an account of the death of Moses at 120 years of age.

Of his funeral it is written in Deuteronomy 34: 5-6 “So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the Lord. And He buried him in the valley in the land of Moab, opposite Bethpeor; but no man knows his burial place to this day.”


Cecil Frances Alexander

“By Nebo’s lonely mountain,

On this side Jordan’s wave,

In a vale in the land of Moab

There lies a lonely grave;

And no man knows that sepulcher,

And no man saw it e’er;

For the angels of God upturn’d the sod

And laid the dead man there.

That was the grandest funeral

That ever pass’d on earth;

But no man heard the trampling,

Or saw the train go forth.

Perchance the bald old eagle

On gray Beth-peor’s height,

Out of his lonely eyrie

Look’d on the wondrous sight;

Perchance the lion stalking,

Still shuns that hallowed spot;

For beast and bird have seen and heard

That which man knoweth not.

This was the truest warrior

That ever bucked sword;

This the most gifted poet

That ever breathed a word;

And never earth’s philosopher

Traced, with his golden pen,

On the deathless page, truths half so sage

As he wrote down for men.

And had he not high Honor?-

The hillside for a pall!

To lie in state, while angels wait,

With stars for tapers tall,

And the dark rock-pines like tossing plumes,

Over his bier to wave,

And God’s own hand, in that lonely land,

To lay him in the grave!

In that strange grave without a name,

Whence his uncoffin’d clay

Shall break again--O wondrous thought!-

Before the Judgment day,

And stand, with glory wrapped around,

On the hills he never trod,

And speak of the strife that won our life

With the incarnate Son of God.

O lonely grave in Moab’s land!

O dark Beth-peor’s hill!

Speak to these curious hearts of ours,

And teach them to be still.

God hath His mysteries of grace,

Ways that we cannot tell,

He hides them deep, like the hidden sleep

Of him He loved so well.”

Deuteronomy 34:8. “So the sons of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days; then the days of weeping and mourning for Moses came to an end.”



Generic Overview

Believed to be oldest book in world, certainly of the O.T. Books.

Job mentioned by Ezekiel 14:20 and James 5:11.

Probably lived before Law and perhaps Abraham placing him between Genesis 11 & 12.

Key Theme: Why do the godly suffer, and why is God silent?

Neither Job, his three friends or Elihu have satisfactory answer because none had all of the facts.

Sidlow Baxter: "Behind all the suffering of the godly is a high purpose of God, and beyond it all is an afterwards of glorious enrichment."

His friends apparently stayed too long. John Phillips said,                

"They came to sympathize, and stayed to sermonize."

Eliphas "suggested" Job a sinner.

Bildad "supposed " him a sinner.

Zophar "said" he was a sinner.

Job’s wife’s mistake was in thinking that the loss of material and physical good was the loss of everything.

Job’s three friends mistake was to think Job suffered because of some terrible sin.

Elihu’s mistake was in thinking he alone has the answer to Job’s problem.

Job’s mistake was accusing God of injustice.

Interesting that God never revealed to Job the reason for his suffering! However, He did restore to Job two-fold everything he had before .

Certainly one may preach and teach using the words of Job, the three friends and Elihu for the good in them. In fact, we may suggest that Job is often overlooked as a source of truth and sound doctrine. However, we shall consider their words for danger that lurks in that easy mixture of truth and error.

In many ways, the Book of Job is about Job misrepresenting himself and God, and his three friends and Elihu misrepresenting Job and God.

Preachers and Bible teachers may fall easily into these traps:

Preaching the whole truth to the wrong group.

Preaching the whole truth to the wrong group, in an attempt to get at the right group.

Preaching the whole truth with wrong motives.

Preaching only part of the truth for right motives.

Much false doctrine starts in this way.

True Biblical wisdom and sophistry have this in common, they often seem equally plausible. They are easily mixed.

Devotion to Biblical truth and correct doctrine is not an easy thing. Our self interests, prejudices, denominational loyalties all hinder us.

Let us be men and women of truth. In the end, let us follow the example of Job, and his three friends. For in the end, when confronted with the Truth, they humbled themselves and were forgiven.

In fact, Job was given back double of all he had.

Compare Job 1:2-3 and 42:10, 12-13!

We hope you enjoyed this study on Teaching The Bible To Others #1, and will read the other studies on our Web Pages.

We will also add another study on Teaching The Bible To Others #2, which covers Israel's Captivity. and Return To The Land.

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By, James L. Thornton







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