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Preaching To The Public

Preaching To The Public    Saturday, June 24, 2017

Jesus Teaching

Jesus Preaching On The Mount

Preaching To The Public

 By James L. Thornton

 In Order To Attain Skill In The Various Professions, Men Give Themselves To Intensive Training For Four Or More Years. This Is True Of Men Who Aspire To Be A Physician, A Lawyer, A Chemist, Etc. As They Prepare Themselves To Deal With Things Temporal. How Much More Preparation, Should Those Who Strive To Fill The Highest Office On Earth, A Minister Of The Gospel, Make.

 We Would Like To Use These Pages To Help Ministers Develop Good Habits In Their Pulpit Ministry. It Is Important That Every Speaker Have The Right Attitude Towards This Subject, And Especially Those Who Are Beginning To Speak In Public. It Is Easier To Form New Habits, Than To Break An Old One.

 We Will Have Five Lessons On This Page To Help Ministers, Young And Old, Develop Good Habits. 

1. Preparation To Speak

2. What Preparation Involves

3. Preparing An Outline 

4. The Preachers Preparation

5. Sermon Presentation.

 A. STANDING BEFORE AN AUDIENCE                                                                                    

Preparing To Preach

1 Timothy 4:13. “Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.”

In This Scripture Paul Is Giving Instructions To A Young Preacher By The Name Of Timothy. In Another Scripture He Tells This Same Preacher “that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures” (2 Timothy 3:15a), And In Another Scripture Paul Tells Him To, “study to show thyself approved unto God a workman that needeth not to be ashamed,” (2 Timothy 2:15).

 And Finally He Says To Him, “Meditate (be diligent) upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting (progress) may appear to all” (1 Timothy 4:15).

 In All These Scriptures Paul Is Telling This Young Preacher, Timothy, The Importance Of Preparation In His Ministry. Paul Uses Words Like, give attendance, study, meditate, give thyself wholly to them, To Emphasize The Importance Of His Preparation For Ministry. In Other Words, “Take Your Work Seriously.” It Was A Task, Arduous, Demanding, And Constant To Which Paul Here Assigned Timothy.

WHY PREPARATION IS IMPORTANT

 As A Rule One Should Never Agree To Speak, Or Preach, Without Enough Time For Preparation. A Failure In Preparation Will Insure A Failure Upon Delivery. How Can You Say Something You Haven’t Prepared To Say? A Lack Of Preparation Will Do More Harm Than Good. There Is No Excuse In Wasting Precious Time With Empty And Unprepared Words.

The Need For Preparation Is Expected In Many Other Fields. Who Would Want To Go For Help To An Unprepared Doctor, Dentist, Lawyer, Policeman, Etc? No One Would. Therefore Why Should We Expect People To Come And Hear A Man Speak Who Is Unprepared?

 A Lack Of Enthusiasm, Diction, Pronunciation, Volume, Etc, Can Be Overlooked. But A Lack Of Preparation Will Show Up In Content, And Cannot Be Overlooked.

 There Are Several Attitudes Towards Preparation Among Preachers. Some Speak Extemporaneously (off the cuff, from memory) Without Notes, Thus Minimizing The Need For Preparation. (Very Few Ever Attain Great Ability To Do This)

It Should be Remembered That Even The Very Best Extemporaneous Speaker Prepared Himself At Some Previous Time By Study (2 Timothy 2:15). On The Other Hand, There Are Those Who Claim Preparation To Be Important Above All Things.

 Reasons Why Preparation Is Important

1. First, Because Of The Event.

Preaching Is Communication With An Audience. People Attend An Assembly To Be Edified And Built Up In The Faith. It Is An Event Were The Word Of God Is Presented As An Answer To Every Problem. People Can Get Good Advise From A Book, But They Come To Church To Hear The Preacher Give God’s Advise.

 In Order To Give A, “Thus Saith the Lord,” One Must Be Prepared For The Event. It’s A Great Challenge To Preach In An Assembly Of Needful People.

 2. Second, Because Of The Trust

God Has Entrusted The Gospel In Earthen Vessels (2 Corinthians 4:7), And Jesus Has Commissioned Us To Preach It To Every Creature (Mark 16:15-16). What A Great Blessing To Be Entrusted With The Power Of God Unto Salvation (Romans 1:14-16).

 This Great Responsibility Carries With It The Obligation To Prepare For Its Proper Use. Our Attitude Must Be That Of The Apostle Paul Who Spoke Of This Great Inherent Obligation To Our Trust (1 Timothy 1:11).

 3. Third, Because Of The Challenge

Every Audience You Speak To Presents A Challenge. Jesus Told Us That The Word Would Find One Of Four Possible Receptions Upon Being Sown. These Hearts Are Described By Jesus As Being Shallow, Rock-Like, Thorny, And Good (Luke 8:5-13).

 If I Am Not Prepared To Meet These Challenges, I Have No Right To Stand And Speak. There Is No Greater Challenge Than The Heart Of A Sinner. Like The Boy Scouts, We Must be Prepared.

4. Fourth, Because Of Love

If We Love God’s Word, And The Souls Of Mankind, We Will Always Remember The Importance Of Preparation. We Must Have The Attitude Of The Psalmist When He Said “Consider how I love thy precepts: quicken me, O LORD, according to thy lovingkindness.” (Psalms 119:159 “My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness” (Psalms 119:172).

 A Father Prepares For His Children’s Future—Why? Because He Love Them. Therefore, If I Love The Souls Of Men, I Will Prepare For The Occasion To Speak To Them.

5. Fifth, Because Of Condemnation

James Reminds Us About The Great Responsibility Of Being A Teacher Of The Word (James 3:1). Jesus Also Tells Us Of The Severe Punishment For Those Who Cause Others To Fall (Matthew 18:6). Paul Said, “For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! (1 Corinthians 9:16)

 Therefore, To Escape Condemnation, I Must Rightly Divide The Word (By adding nothing to it, neither deleting anything, neither mangling it, nor rending it apart, nor distorting it: but marking diligently what his hearers are able to bear, and what is fit to edifying): Speaking The Truth On Every Occasion (2 Timothy 2:15; 4:1-5).

 This Too Will Take Preparation. I Must So Speak As To Save Myself And Others That Hear Me. (1 Timothy 4:16)

 Conclusion

 Preaching Is A Life-Time Of Preparation:

Even Though Timothy Had Learned The Scriptures From A Child, Paul Told Him To Study, To Meditate, To Give Attendance To Reading, To Exhortation, To Doctrine. The Private Exercise Of Pastors, Is The Continual Reading Of The Scriptures, From Which They May Draw Water Out Of Wholesome Doctrine And Exhortation, Both For Themselves And For Others.

 Every Lesson We Present Should Be Well Prepared. The Better We Are Prepared, The Better Spokesman We Can Be For The Word.

 Questions To Ponder

1. Why Is Preparation A Good Habit To Form?

2. What Are The Dangers Of Improper Preparation For Preaching?

3. Why Is Extemporaneous Speaking Difficult?

4. What Is Your Attitude Towards Preparation?

5. Why Is The Preaching Event Important?

6. What Is The Importance, The Obligation, Of Being Entrusted With The Gospel?

7. Why Is Preparation Important In The Light Of The Parable Of The Sower?

8. Why Is Love For Souls Important To Preparation?

9. Why Does James 3:1 Carry So Much Weight For Preaching?

10. When Does Preparation For Preaching End?

We Hope You Enjoyed This Lesson On, “Preparation To Speak” To An Audience.

We Will Follow It With A Lesson On, “What Preparation Involves.”

We Will Follow That With A Lesson On, “Preparing An Outline”. 

We Will Follow That With A Lesson On, “The Preachers Preparation.”

We Will Conclude These Lessons With, “Sermon Presentation.”

 

Part 2  WHAT PREPARATION INVOLVES

In Order To Prepare Properly, We Must Know What Is Involved In Preparation. It Is Not Possible To Demand That Every Preacher Conform To The Style Of Another. However, Each Preacher Must Have Some Style Of Preparation Before He Can Preach Effectively.

 In This Lesson We Want To Set Forth Some Proper Steps Involved In Preparation. The Following Steps Are Easy And Should Help You As You Prepare To Stand Before An Audience.

1. First. You Must Have An Idea.

The Question Asked By Most Beginning Speakers Is, “What Shall I Say?”

This Is A Vital Question And Deserves Consideration Because Preparation Is Impossible Without Knowing What You Want To Accomplish. Therefore, Before You Can Speak, You Must Have An Idea.

Where Do Ideas Come From? They Come From Reading, Thinking, Hearing, And Observation (1 Timothy 4:13). Your First Thoughts Should Be About The Needs Of The People You Will Speak To.

 What Does The Congregation Or The Various Individuals Need? Do Individuals Need To Be Challenged To Live A More Dedicated Life, Etc? Does The Congregation Need To Be Taught On Stewardship, Soul-Winning, Worship, Etc? It Will Take Observation To Answer These Questions.

After You Have Determined The Need, You Will Be Able To Choose Your Subject With Relative Ease. A Man Who Reads His Bible, And Is Aware Of The Needs About Him, Will Always Have A Ready Supply Of Subjects To Preach.

 In A Real Since, Preparation Is Taking Place All The Time—As You Read, Observe, Think, And Pray For Ideas. Form The Habit Of Jotting Down Your Ideas On a Note Pad And Later See If They Will Fit Your Subject. 

2. Second, You Must Pray For Wisdom.

Now That You Know What You Want To Speak About, You Need Wisdom To Prepare It Properly. Therefore, We Must Go To God In Prayer For This Wisdom. James Says, “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.” (James 1:5)

 As You Pray For Wisdom In Preparation, Don’t Forget To Pray For Receptive Hearts On The Part Of Those Who Will Hear You.

 3. Third, You Should Research All Available Information On Your Subject.

Make Yourself A Work Sheet With The Following Questions On It.

 1. What Does The Bible Say About My Subject?

    A Good Concordance Will Help You Find The Passages That Relate To Your  

    Subject. Read The Text In Several Versions For A Clear Understanding.

 2. What Do I Know Personally About My Subject?

    Write Down Your Various Ideas.

 3. What Have I Heard Others Say About My Subject?

    Write Down Any Remarks You May Recall.

 4. What Has Been Written On The Subject?

    This Will Lead You To Do Research In Commentaries, Sermon Books, Study Guides, Etc.

 This Kind Of Research Will Provide More Information Than You Can Possibly Use In One Lesson. Do Not Try To Cover The Whole Subject In One Lesson, But Select One Idea For Your Lesson.

4. Make The Research Material Your Own.

By This I Mean Take Notes In Your Own Words.

Write Phrases And Expressions In Language You Understand.

After Doing This Take All Your Research Material And Arrange It In Logical Order, Noting What Would Be Good For An Introduction, The Body, Or The Conclusion.

 Discard All That Is Not Essential To Your Aim In This Particular Sermon.

You May Want To File It For Use At Some Future Date. (Have A Logical Way To File Your Data So You Can Locate It Later)

 5. Fifth, Phrase Your Central Idea Into A Purpose Sentence.

This Will Help You Know Where You Are Going.

Always Have A Good Opening Statement About What You Want To Speak, Or Preach On.

 A Rule Of Thumb In Public Speaking Is,

“Tell Them What You Are Going To Tell Them, (Opening Statement)

Tell Them, (The Body Of Your Subject)

Then Tell Them What You Told Them” (Conclusion).


Perhaps You May Choose To Speak On The Following Central Theme.

The Acts Of Worship In The New Testament Church. From This Central Theme You May Have The Following Purpose-Sentence:

“I Want To Explain Why Singing Was Important In The New Testament Church.”

The Key Word In Your Purpose-Sentence Is Why.

This Will Automatically Open The Way For You To List The Main Points Like, “Jesus and his disciples sang a hymn” (Mark 14:26), “Paul and Silas singing at midnight” (Acts 16:25). Choose Other Acts Of Worship And Write Out Purpose Sentences.

 Try To Pick Simple Themes As You Begin Your Public Speaking. Don’t Get In Over Your Head With Subjects You Do Not Clearly Understand. There Will Be Plenty Of Time To Develop The Deeper More Complex Subjects Later.

6. Sixth, Arrange Your Material Into Logical Order.

This Will Involve Outlining. The Outline Is The Frame About Which The House (Sermon) Is Constructed. It Serves As A Logical Road Map To Help You Reach Your Destination (Subject). An Outline Is Usually Divided Into Three Main Divisions: Introduction, Body, And Conclusion. (We Will Deal With Outlining In Detail In Next Section Of These Lessons)

 Also Make A List Of Three Or Four Main Points You Intend To Cover In Your Speech Or Sermon.

7. Seventh, You Must Learn Your Material.

 This Involves The Continual Study Of The Research Material; Especially As It Relates To The Outline. The Outline Should Be Memorized If Possible, Or Learned So Well That You Won’t Struggle With It In The Pulpit. Many Preachers Practice Their Sermons Before Delivery (Tape Recorder, Their Wife). It Is A Good Idea To Discuss Some Of Your Points With Someone, This Helps Settle Them In Your Mind.

 This Affords Good Opportunity To Master The Material As Well As Check The Timing (Length Of The Sermon). It Will Also Help You Make Corrections, Additions, Etc. To The Lesson.

 There Are No Short-Cuts To Powerful Preaching. It Demands Many Hours Of Preparation. The More You Work At It; The More Proficient You Become. Everything Worthwhile Takes Time And Work; Sermon Preparation Is No Exception. Always Prepare.

Questions For Review

1. Why Should We Be Concerned About Our Subjects?

2. Why Does Preparation Involve Thinking And Prayer?

3. What Are The Steps For Research?

4. Why Should You Make The Research Material Your Own?

5. What Is A Purpose Sentence?

6. Why Use A Purpose Sentence?

7. Why Should We Choose Simple Themes First?

8. Why Should A Preacher Have An Outline?

9. Why Follow A Logical Order In Our Sermons?

10. What Are The Three Main Divisions Of A Sermon Outline?

11. How Would You Go About Learning The Material Of Your Sermon?

 We Hope You Enjoyed This Lesson On, “What Preparation Involves.”

We Will Follow It With A Lesson On, “Preparing An Outline”. 

We Will Follow That With A Lesson On, “The Preachers Preparation.”

We Will Conclude These Lessons With, “Sermon Presentation.”

 

Part 3

PREPARING AN OUTLINE

 After You Have Chosen Your Subject, The Next Step Is To Arrange It Into Proper Outline Form. An Outline Gives You A Plan Of Procedure. It Helps You Bring Your Points In An Orderly Fashion. An Outline Is The Speaker’s Road Map, And Guide; Without Which He May Never Reach His Destination. We Have All Heard Preachers Ramble Around Without Ever Proving Their Point.

 The Making Of An Outline Is Usually Difficult For The Beginning Speaker. Experience Proves, However, That Speakers Usually Fall Short Of Their Goals If They Don’t Follow A Logical Outline.

   There Are Varied Opinions Among Scholars As To What Constitutes A Proper Outline. Therefore, It Is Difficult To Set Down A List Of Hard And Binding Rules For Outlines.

    The Following Suggestions Will Help You Prepare A Logical Sermon Outline. If You Expect To Hold The Listener’s Attention, You Will Have To Present Your Lesson (Every Sermon Should Be A Lesson) In An Easy To Follow Manner; The Only Way To Achieve This Is By Good Outlining.

 1. First, Reduce Your Subject To The Smallest Possible Area.

For Example The Subject “Worship” Is A Broad Subject Area. It Could Be Reduced To The Following Areas.

(1) Christian Worship:                                                                                                         

(2) Heavenly Worship:                                                                                                        

(3) Vain Worship:                                                                                                               

(4) Ignorant Worship, Etc.

 By Reducing The Broad Term, You Have Material For Several Sermons On Worship. This Procedure Will Make It Possible To Cover The Subject More Thoroughly. Always Divide Your Broad Subject Area Into As Many Smaller Ones As Possible.

 2. Second, Draw A Topic From The Reduced Area.

Many Topics May Be Drawn From A Reduced Subject Area. Therefore, Choose Only One For Discussion In Your Lesson. Trying To Handle Several Topics At Once Will Only Lead To Confusion.

Plan Additional Lessons On The Other Topics. Note Some Of The Topics Which May Be Drawn From Christian Worship,  

(1) Singing;                                                                                                                           

(2) Prayer;                                                                                                                            

(3) Giving, Etc.

3. Third, Draw A Purpose Sentence From The Topic You Have Chosen.

The Purpose Sentence (The Opening Remarks Concerning Your Subject) Will Guide You As You Proceed To Develop Your Main Points. It Will Also Inform The Audience Of Where You Are Going.

In The Purpose Sentence You Make A Promise To The Audience; Be Sure You Keep It. From The Purpose Sentence Each Subsequent Remark Should Help You Achieve This Goal. The Body Of The Outline Will Be The Area Where The Promise Is Fulfilled.

The Following Will Illustrate The Above Three Points.

1. Broad Subject: …………… Worship

2. Smaller Subject Area: …… Christian Worship

3. Topic: ……………………... Importance Of Singing

4. Purpose Sentence: ………... This Morning We Want To Consider Why Singing Is Important In Our Worship.

4. Fourth, Use The 7 Principles Of Discussion For Help In Forming The Outline.

These Words Are The Building Blocks Of All Discussions And Serve As A Basic Foundation For The Beginning Speaker. These 7 Principle Words Will Also Serve As A Guide In All Your Bible Study And Meditation.

 These Principle Are: Who, What, Why, When, Where, How, And Which. 

We call the "W boys."

1. Who Relates To The Person Or Persons Involved In The Subject.

2. What Discusses The Attributes Or Characteristics Of The Subject.

3. Why Discusses The Reasons Involved.

4. When Discusses The Time Element.

5. Where Discusses The Place Or Position Of The Subject.

6. How Tells How To Accomplish A Desired End.

7. Which Discusses The Possible Choices Involved.

 These 7 Words Can Produce The Following Main Points For An Outline On Baptism. Of Course You Must Add Your Own Comments To Them.

 1. The Broad Subject: …….. Baptism.

2. Smaller Subject Area: …. Water Baptism.

3. Topic: …………………… New Testament Baptism

4. Purpose Sentence: ……… In Our Study Tonight We Will See Why Baptism Is For The Remission Of Sins.

 

I. What Is Baptism?

    A. The Bible Teaches That Baptism Is A Burial Or An Immersion. (Colossians 2:12)

II. How Is Baptism Performed?

    A. Baptism Is Performed In Much Water. (John 3:23; Acts 8:36-39)

 III. Who Is A Candidate For Baptism?

    A. Baptism Is For A Repentant Believer.

 IV. Why Should A Person Be Baptized?

    A. Baptism Is For The Remission (Pardon Or Forgiveness) Of Sins. (Acts 2:38)

    B. Because Jesus Commanded It. (Matthew 28:19)

    C. Because The Apostles Preached And Practiced It. (Acts 8:12; 8:38; 10:48; 19:5)

    D. Because It Is An Act Of Faith And Trust In Christ.

 

V. Where Did God Place Baptism In Relation To Salvation.

     A. Baptism Stands Between The Sinner And Salvation. (Mark 16:16)

 

VI. Which Baptism Meets All Of God’s Requirements.

     A. There Is Only One Baptism That Meets All Of God’s Requirements.     

     B. Water Baptism By Immersion In The Name Of Jesus Christ For The Remission Of Sins (Acts 2;38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5)

 

VII. When Is Baptism Entered Into?

     A. Baptism Always Took Place Immediately Upon Belief And Repentance In The Book Of Acts.

 5. Conclusion.

 In Our Lesson We Have Discussed That The Bible Teaches That A Person Must Be Baptize By Immersion In Water In The Name Of Jesus Christ For Remission Of Their Sins After They Have Repented, Which Is The Only Way That The Apostles Baptized In The Book Of Acts.

 These Steps Have Helped Many A Speaker To Achieve His Goals In Speaking. Master Them And You Will Have The Basic Foundation For Proceeding To Additional Techniques If You So Desire.

 One Point Of Caution:

Don’t Get Into The Habit Of Always Making Your Points Questions. This Will Soon Become Dull To The Audience. Try And Vary Your Phrasing Of Main Points.

 Questions For Review

1. Why Is An Outline Important?

2. Is There A Binding Outline Form? Discuss.

3. Why Is Sticking To The Point Important?

4. What Is The Difference Between A Broad Subject Area And A Reduced Subject Area?

5. What Is A Topic?

6. What Is A Purpose Sentence?

7. Can You Make A Three Point Outline On Prayer, On Faith, On Healing?

8. Can You Reduce The Subject Of Stewardship Into Several Smaller Subjects?

 It Would Be To The Advantage Of All Public Speakers To Memorize The Principals Of This Lesson. In This Lesson Are The Basic Ground Rules For Learning To Speak In Public.

 We Hope You Enjoyed This Lesson On, “Preparing An Outline”.

We Will Follow It With A Lesson On, “The Preachers Preparation.”

We Will Conclude These Lessons With, “Sermon Presentation.”

Part 4

 THE PREACHERS PREPARATION

Of all the things we have discussed, this is the most important of all. One can master all the skills of speaking and preaching but if your heart is not in it, or not right with God, all else is of little value.

 In Order To Attain Skill In The Various Professions, Men Give Themselves To Intensive Training For Four Or More Years. This Is True Of Men Who Aspire To Be A Physician, A Lawyer, A Chemist, Etc. They Prepare Themselves To Deal With Things Temporal. How Much More Preparation, Should Those Who Strive To Fill The Highest Office On Earth, A Minister Of The Gospel, Make.

 In Order For A Preacher To Preach Effectively, He Must Be Prepared, Thoroughly Equipped. To Use The Apostle’s Expression, He Must “Give All Diligence” (2 Peter 1:5) (diligence meaning ardent application and industry, earnestness in accomplishing, promoting, or striving after anything; Strongs). This Is Vital. This Is Very Necessary!

 We Can Learn How We Can Do This By Asking The Following Questions.

 I. Why Must The Minister Prepare?

    1. That He May Win Divine Approval. 

To Win Divine Approval Is Life’s Supreme Aim. A Preacher Is God’s Instrument. In Order To Be Effective, The Instrument Must Be Sharp And Clean, Always Within Reach Of God’s Hand.

 Like Samuel: “Speak; For Thy Servant Heareth” (1 Samuel 3:10),                                    

Like Isaiah: “Here I Am; Send Me” Isaiah 6:8),                                                              

And Like The Great Apostle Paul: “I Am Ready…” (Romans 1:15).

 

2. That He May Be A Blessing To The Hearer.                                                                            

His Mission Is A Benevolent One.

His Aim Is 

To Enlighten,                                                                                                                             

To Elevate, 

To Lead,                                                                                                                                                 

To Enable. 

When An Anxious Question Comes, He Needs To Be Able To Give An Answer. (Acts 8:30-35;1 Peter 3:15b)

 

3. That He May Reap A Harvest Of Personal Satisfaction. To Know That He Has:

Won Divine Approval And Elevated The Life Of A Fellowman Is A Source Of Real Satisfaction. (Acts 20:35; Philippians 4:1) It Is Through The Door Of  Loving Service That He Enters The House Of Joy. (Matthew 25:21)

II. What Needs Preparation?

The Entire Man. The Religion Of The Lord Calls Into Action Every Faculty Of a Personality. (Mark 12:28-30)

     1. The Heart, Man’s Emotional Nature. The Affections Must Be Trained, Rightly Directed. Life Is Ruled By The Things We Love. We Must, Therefore, LearnTo Love The Best Things, And To Hate Evil. (Colossians 3:1-2)

     2. The Soul, Which Is The Sum Of The Faculties, The True Life Of Humanity, The Very Nature Of Our Lives, The Spirit Within. This Is The Part Of Man Most Akin To God. (Genesis 2:7)

     3. The Mind, The Intellect. We Need To Fix Our Minds On Wholesome Things.

        (Philippians 4:8) When The Mind Is Filled With Good Things, We Will Speak Good Things. Be Careful How You Feed Your Mind.

    4. The Body, “Thy Strength.” The Body Belongs To God. It Is The Temple Of The Spirit, The Instrument Through Which The Preacher Preaches. Therefore, The Body Should Be Devoted To God (Romans 12:1). It Should Be Kept Strong.  Alert, Clean, Properly Adorned.

 

III. How Can This Be Accomplished?

    1. By A Study Of The Text, The Bible, The Source Book. 

We Rely On The Bible Itself, Not A On Books About The Bible. Any Book That Helps Us On To A Clearer Understanding Of The Bible Should Be Studied. (1 Timothy 4:13a)

    2. By A Study Of The Hearer Or The Hearers.

 Without Becoming Meddlesome, The Preacher Should Learn The Hearer’s Background, His Station In Life, His Problems. It Is When The Preacher Knows The Hearer That He Can Really Assist Him. How can The Physician Assist The Patient Unless He Knows The Patient’s Problems?

    3. By A Study Of Self. 

The Preacher Should Take Heed To Himself—Subject Himself To Self-Inspection. “Am I Penitent And Humble? Pure In Heart? Teachable, Learn From Others? Sympathetic?” The Person Whose Attention Is Focused On Others May Forget Himself—His Own Weakness. He May Lose The Grace Of Compassion, Forbearance. He may Become Hypercritical In Attitude.

     4. By Frequent Talks With God. Before Great Undertakings, Jesus Went To The Father In Prayer. (Luke 6:12; 22:41-42) God Is The Source Of Strength. When We, Through Prayer, Continue In Touch With Him, We Gain Strength For Service.

 Part 5

 SERMON PRESENTATION

 A Gospel Sermon Is An Effort To Save The Lost; To Strengthen The Saved. In Order For It To Be Effective, It Must Be Properly Prepared And Properly Presented. Presentation, As Well As Preparation, Is Highly Important. Though A Sermon May Be Well Prepared, It Will Fail If Not Properly Presented.

The Preacher Must Preach To The Heart.                                                                    

What Is The Heart? It Includes:

 1. The Intellect. The Heart Thinks (Proverbs 23:7); Understands (Proverbs 8:5); Believes (Romans 10:10).

 2. The Emotions. The Heart Desires (Romans 10:1); Loves (Matthew 22:37); Trusts (Proverbs 3:5).

 3. The Will. The Executive Faculty Of The Mind. The Heart Intends (4:12); Purposes (2 Corinthians 9:7); Obeys (Romans 6:17).

I. Preacher, Preach To The Intellect Of Man.

1. This You Can Do By Proclaiming The Gospel—The Gospel Facts, The Gospel Commands, The Gospel Promises, The Gospel Warnings. The Entrance Of The Word Gives Light—Understanding (Psalms 119:105).

 2. Preacher, Preach The Gospel In Words The Hearer Can Understand! How Unfitting, How Unwise To Preach To A Man In A Foreign Language, Or In Words Too Complicated For Him To Understand. Jesus Spoke In Words The Common People Understood, Even The Children Understood. The Beatitudes, The Two Builders, The Lost Sheep, The Sower Of Seed, Casting A Net In The Sea, All Easily Understood. Adjust Yourself To The People To Whom YouPreach. (Romans 6:17)

II. Preacher, Appeal To The Emotions Of Man. Stir Up His Heart!

    1. Remind Him Of The Horrors Of Sin—What Sin Has Done, What Sin Is Doing What Sin Will Do.

     2. Tell Him Of The Love of God, The Compassion Of Christ. Point Him To The Cross Of Christ. (John 3:16; 12::32; Romans 5:6-8)

     3. Speak The Truth In Love (Ephesians 4:15; 1 Corinthians 16:14). The Man Who Preaches The Love Of God Must Speak From A Heart Of Love. The Man Who Holds Hatred In His Heart Cannot Preach The Love Of God.

III. Preacher, Preach To The Will Of Man.

     1.  Be Persuasive. You Are Working On The Will Of Man When You Enlighten His Mind, When You Stir His Emotions. Unless The Will Is Changed, The Man Will Not Change, The Man Will Be Lost. Use Every Effort To Change His Will.

      2. Remind Him Of The Wages Of Sin (Romans 6:23; 11:22; 2 Corinthians 5:11).

      3. Speak Again And Again Of The Goodness Of God. Reach For His Soul (Romans 2:4; 2 Corinthians 13:1).

     4. Let Him Know Of The Precious Promises Of The Lord (Romans 6:23; Hebrews 5:8-9).

     5. Fear, Love And The Precious Promises Of God Are Powerful Factors In Bringing Man To Repentance.

Preach To The Intellect, But Not To The Intellect Alone.                                                

Preach To The Will, But Not To The Will Alone.                                                                 

All Noble Endeavors Should Be Aimed At The Heart.

Reverse Not The Order.

First, The Intellect:

Second, The Emotions;

Third, The Will.

 It Is Only Through The Intellect And The Emotions That You Can Reach Or Touch The Will. The Will Is The Executive Faculty. Unless The Will Is Changed The Man Will Not Be Changed.

 Conclusion:

I Certainly Hope These Lessons Will Help You In Your Quest To Be A Good Minister Of Jesus Christ. Remember These Are Not The Only Guidelines That Are A Requirement For Being A Successful Minister, There Are Also Moral And Spiritual Qualities Which Are A Prerequisite.

 These Are Things Which I Have Learned From Two Universties, The University Of Life, And The University Of Kentucky, Where I Majored In English. And, A Long Life Of Listening To, And Evaluating All Types Of Preachers, Good, Real Good, Tremendous, Bad, And Worse. The Number Would Probably Be In The Thousands.

 I Have Learned What Moves Me To Respond Positively, And Also What Leaves Me Feeling That My Time Was Wasted. A Preacher Should Strive To Give The Hearers Something Uplifting That They Can Take Home With Them And Meditate On All Week. There Are Sermons I Heard Years Ago That I Still Remember In Detail.

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